Understanding Science – The Many Aspects of Science
Science is an organized venture which constructs and organizes scientific information in the form of predictions and testable explanations about the natural world. It seeks to verify the precise nature and scope of the physical universe, to formulate laws of its working, to chart the progress of its evolutionary forces, and to put together a framework capable of understanding the behavior of real living things. All the science we know today started as research in some form or another, and it all began with observations and experiments which were subject to rational explanation. Over time, various theories were developed to account for these facts. While still in a state of relative infancy, science came into its own, having established a definite realm in which it could better understand its own functioning and that of the entire universe.
Science is generally categorized into two fields: Physical science, which studies matter; chemical science, which studies chemical reactions; and biological science, which studies life. Each has its own separate areas of research and development. While physical science deals with the properties of objects and how they interact with each other, chemical science deals with the chemical makeup of objects and how these substances change in response to their surroundings. Biological science, meanwhile, studies the relationships among living things and their systems.
The major premise upon which modern science stands is, “The course of nature is continually changing.” This premise is actually one of the founding assumptions behind science itself: that Nature is always changing, that what was once understood or discovered long ago will be understood again in the future, and that what was unknown and confused long ago will be revealed and brought into the light. In this way, all aspects of life in the natural world are interconnected and dependent on each other, and all events in the natural world have an effect upon all other events. Without a solid basis for knowing and predicting what will happen next, science as a discipline is nothing more than caprice and wishful thinking.
Science has several methods of investigation. One popular avenue through which scientists try to understand how things work is through the study of mechanics and laws of motion. Physics largely describes how matter acts under certain circumstances and how it may react to those same circumstances in the future. Another branch of physics is that of electricity, which seeks to better understand how electricity flows through circuits, how different kinds of matter are connected together and how to control these electrical circuits using electric power. Astronomy, too, studies the movement of celestial bodies such as the sun and the other planets, but scientist generally focus only on the distribution and positions of stars and planets rather than the origins and composition.
Astronomy and science often go hand in hand, especially when it comes to studying the stars and the universe at large. Astronomy involves observation, study of satellites, and the use of space telescopes to map the skies and search for unusual celestial bodies. Astrophysicists seek to understand the origins of the universe and the laws that govern its development, while neuroscientists study how the brain functions to understand how it creates creative ideas and acts in creativity.
While a great deal of scientific research occurs in the name of science itself, many people work within the society that they belong to with an interest in science. Scientists, unlike most other people, often have a stake in the development of new knowledge and theories about a wide range of scientific topics. For instance, those involved in the field of biology take the time to read widely in order to understand the latest research and its implications. Technological enthusiasts also pursue technological advancements in order to apply theories about energy, the environment, and human behavior to novel technological innovations. Although many people may not see eye to eye with all the theories and findings of science, most see a value in the process of discovery and the reward’s science provides.