A Guide to a Successful Science Fair Project
Science is an organized process which constructs and develops knowledge in the form of predictions and testable predictions about the natural environment. The discipline combines the theoretical and experimental sciences. The most important areas of research in science are Physical Science, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Astronomy. All these have laid down systematic methods to study the natural world and the interaction between living things and their surrounding environment.
In order to study any area of the natural world, it is necessary to formulate a hypothesis, which is a simple idea that can be tested. The formulation of a hypothesis has been one of the major prerogatives of science since the time it was established. Without a hypothesis, there can be no science, and as we all know, no evidence to support any theory.
The scientific method of testing a hypothesis involves at least three steps. First, a hypothesis is put forward, followed by a study of the data obtained. Second, the results of the study are discussed in terms of possibility and the degree of probability, and finally a hypothesis is rejected if it cannot be tested. This is known as the postulation of a hypothesis, which is subject to further discussion and scrutiny by the members of the scientific community.
It was once thought that science happened by itself, without any participation from the members of the society. Science is now considered a social activity, with human activities being dependent on the climate in which they live. Thus, if the climate is too extreme, there is no scope for further scientific studies. Scientists are supposed to contribute to the progress of society by bringing out knowledge about the various aspects of the natural world, and the solar system and the universe on the other hand, can help people in making informed decisions about their daily lifestyle and use of resources.
Thus, the goal of science is to test, distinguish, predict and explain the different phenomena that are occurring in nature. When a hypothesis is brought forth, then at least some portion of the scientific method is fulfilled. If this hypothesis is not well-substantiated by rigorous and extensive studies, then that is sufficient to reject it. Thus, a good science fair project helps students know more about the various phases of science.
A good science project must be theoretically sound, scientifically accurate and must provide real tangible information about nature works. The project must be interesting and challenging, and must not mislead the students. A project that can be solved within a stipulated time will be considered a well-conducted science project, and it will earn points for the student. Thus, a good understanding of science is a prerequisite for a good science fair project.